Consistency: make the argument name of _flip_modes() the same for all operators

Merged Lukas Platz requested to merge readability_consistent_renaming_mode-op_transform into NIFTy_4

Commit a141d2bf "resolve degenerate use of 'mode' in OperatorAdapter and LinearOperator" was pushed without ensuring consistency with other operator definitons and correct exception strings. This commit aims to resolve this.

The argument variable of _flip_modes(…) is now always called 'trafo' and the Exception thrown for invalid values of it is ValueError("invalid operator transformation"). To aid readability, numerical constants were replaced with correspondingly named constants (ADJ, INV).

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